Unconscious Planning in Natural Work Groups

Journal Article or Monograph

Title: Unconscious Planning in Natural Work Groups
Year: 1982
Authors: Hirschhorn, L., & Krantz, J.

Gustafson and Cooper have developed a theory of "unconscious group planning" based on rhe work of Weiss and Sampson. Up to now they have used and developed the theory to clarify and modify the practice and study of Tavistock Self-Srudy Groups. The authors believe that the theory can be applied to natural work groups as well. They examine the protocol of a day's meeting of the management team of social service organization. By examining the latent and manifest content of the protocol and by studying the impact of their own interventions as consultants to the team, they show how the group was unconsciously struggling to solve a developmental problem. Most importantly, the group was trying to discover how to criticize their beloved leader in the face of his fear that if they did he might abandon them. The authors suggest that the theory of unconscious group planning may enable theorists and consultants to better understand the problem-solving processes of natural work groups.

Keywords: unconscious process, group dynamics, Tavistock, developmental problems
Language: English

Journal: Human Relations
Volume: 35
Issue: 10
Start page: 805
End page: 844
Publisher ID:

Submitted by:
James Krantz

Corresponding author:

Literature Download:

By downloading the file you agree to comply with the Terms of Use / Guidelines of the ISPSO Library and the copyright/authority information for this Literature (above).

If there is no filename in a link below then a download has not been provided.
Members-only Downloads are via the members-only zone of the website.

External website Download

Local Download

No files attached to this page.

Members-only Download

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License