The Splitting of Leadership and Management as a Social Defense

Journal Article or Monograph

Title: The Splitting of Leadership and Management as a Social Defense
Year: 1990
Authors: Krantz, J., & Gilmore, T.

This article explores a maladaptive response organizations are making to the great uncertainty and turbulence they face. The authors describe the ways in which management and leadership are split apart, with one aspect ideal­ ized and the other devalued, as a "social defense" against confronting the adaptive demands of contemporary operating environments. Two variants of this social defense are examined: "managerialism" which looks to the magic of technique and "heroism" which focuses on the heroic leader. Responding effectively to current conditions requires linking what has come to be viewed as leadership, the visionary and mission setting aspects of executive action, with management, the apparatuses and tools for achieving organizational purposes.

Keywords: leadership, splitting, managerialism, heroic leadership, heroism, vision, social defense
Language: English

Journal: Human Relations
Volume: 43
Issue: 2
Start page: 183
End page: 204
Publisher ID: 10.1177/001872679004300206

Submitted by:
James Krantz

Corresponding author:

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